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Courts Delivers Swift Justice - Department of Justice

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Justice Today Official newsletter of the Department of Justice & Constitutional Development

Issue 3/2010

Courts Delivers Swift Justice Parents Urged to Protect Children Ambush Marketing is a Criminal Offence Freedom Charter back to a Democratic SA Justice Puzzle Complete a crossword & win

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CONTENTS & EDITORIAL Editorial I

feel privileged to have been assigned the responsibility of editing this informative newsletter and look forward to an exciting and

challenging task of informing you of the services rendered by the

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06

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Department.

Issue 3 / 2010 Regulars

I am particularly thrilled to assume this responsibility at the time when

03 Editorial 18 International Views on Justice 20 Justice Across the Nation 29 Justice Today Crossword Puzzle 30 Vox Pops

Its success has once again reinforced our country’s international

Features 04 Dedicated Courts Deliver Swift Justice 06 Parents Urged to Protect Children 10 Small Claims Courts Ensure Cost Effective Justice 12 Ambush Marketing is a Criminal Offence 14 Original Freedom Charter Returns to a Democratic South Africa 22 Soccer World Cup Page

we celebrate the success of the 2010 FIFA World Cup tournament which was hosted by our country.

eminence as a constitutional democracy. Amidst all forms of criticism and exaggerated challenges of crime, our country delivered a safe tournament. A well coordinated Administration of Justice Plan, which

included 56 dedicated courts, delivered swift justice services. It is now

well known that the 2010 FIFA World Cup tournament was the safest by all measures compared to all its predecessors.

South Africans in their various localities welcomed President Jacob Zuma’s call to work collectively in the protection of children against

human trafficking, neglect and exploitation. Our efforts have been bolstered by the implementation of the Children’s Act which brings

Articles

new legislative measures that seek to enhance the protection and

08 Teddy Bear Clinic Cares for Children 09 Justice Brandishes a Red Card Against Human Trafficking 16 Judicial Service Amendment Act Strengthens Accountability and Impartiality 17 Aspirant Magistrates trained to better Justice 26 Intense Discussions of Labour Rights on Workers Day 25 Taking Back the Proceeds of Crime 28 Deputy Ministers visit Moretele Magistrate’s Court

This Act was soon followed by the implementation of the Judicial

JUSTICE TODAY EDITORIAL TEAM EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Nomusa Mngadi [email protected] EDITOR Lawrence Ngoveni [email protected] SUB-EDITOR Lulama Ngoma [email protected] LAYOUT & DESIGN Tumelo Rasedile [email protected] DISTRIBUTION Levy Makhudu [email protected] CONTRIBUTORS Neliswa Demana - Public Education & Communication (PEC) Justice Ditshego - Public Education & Communication (PEC) Luyanda Makapela - Public Education & Communication (PEC) Evans Molepo - Public Education & Communication (PEC) Isaac Mokaila - North West Regional Office Pearl Nhlapo - International Legal Relations

care of children.

Service Amendment Act, which seeks to regulate extra judicial work

assumed by members of the judiciary. This is done to ensure that when judges accept responsibilities outside their judicial functions, it does not affect or influence their judgments. Therefore, the Act will enhance the level of accountability and impartiality in the judiciary.

While the implementation of the 2010 FIFA World Cup Administration of Justice Plan was running, the department also continued to advance

its mandate of access to justice for all. The community of Alexandra in Gauteng welcomed the opening of the Small Claims Court in their

area. This is part of the department’s plan to redesignate Small Claims Courts to all Magisterial Districts.

Another highlight of our country’s collective effort is the return of the original Freedom Charter. The Charter nearly went on auction in

London but was rescued following intervention by the Liliesleaf Trust and the South African Government.

All these successes and interventions

are testimonies of our collective ability to deal with the challenges facing our

country. It is the same collective spirit

that will ensure that our department accelerates services.

the

delivery

of

justice

Lawrence Ngoveni 3

DEDICATED COURTS DELIVER SWIFT JUSTICE By Neliswa Demana

FIFA Secretary General, Jerome Valcke; Minister Radebe and 2010 Local Organising Committe Chief Executive, Danny Jordaan.

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nce again, South Africa has proven that it is a Constitutional Democracy which is governed by the rule of law. Amidst international skepticism and fears of escalating criminal activities, the country delivered a safe and secure 2010 FIFA World Cup tournament. A well coordinated justice system ensured that all the people suspected of criminal activities were apprehended and tried within a short space of time. This allowed the multitude of football fans to enjoy the skills displayed by their favourite teams, entertainment at the stadiums, the country’s beautiful scenery and spirit of ubuntu. The 56 dedicated courts contributed immensely towards the enhanced security system. These dedicated courts are part of the administration of justice plan, which was developed by the department in conjunction with all stakeholders of the Justice Crime Prevention Security (JCPS) Cluster. The plan took into consideration proper court infrastructure, adequate court administration staff and court security. Since their official launch by the Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development, Mr Jeff Radebe, these courts have been hailed by all for their swift justice services. Despite all the negativity prior to the World Cup tournament the department remained confident in its ability to administer effective and efficient justice services. During the launch Minister Radebe assured South Africans and tourists that the 2010 FIFA World Cup tournament will be contested and celebrated in a safe environment. “The Police Department is fully ready to attend to

any security challenges posed by this tournament. Likewise, as integral to the JCPS, we made preparations with regards to ensuring justice in the event that various matters warranting prosecution arise,” he said. “Let me reassure you that all law abiding citizens and visitors alike need not worry because of the stringent measures we will apply to ensure safety and security of both citizens and visitors coming here to watch this football spectacle,” Minister Radebe continued. The event was held at the Randburg Magistrate’s Court, where an announcement was made of the 2010 FIFA World Cup dedicated courts. Also attending the event were, among others the FIFA Secretary General, Jerome Valcke, 2010 Local Organising Committee Chief Executive, Danny Jordaan, National Director of Public Prosecutions, Advocate Menzi Simelane and soccer legend, Lucas Radebe. The dedicated court rooms ensured that the normal judicial services for South Africans are not disrupted. These court rooms dealt with all the criminal and civil related cases arising from the tournament. Subsequent to the event, criminal activities ranging from theft, ambush marketing, trespassing, house breaking, driving under the influence of liquor, fraud, assault and bomb threats were heard and a greater proportion of these cases were concluded. A higher percentage of the cases were concluded with a conviction. One of the various cases that ended with a conviction is the issue of a Nigerian national, Kunle Benjamin, who was found in possession of FIFA World Cup tickets. Benjamin was arrested and convicted on a charge of possessing stolen property and sentenced to three years imprisonment without the option of a fine. The success of these dedicated courts is a result of creativity in deployment of resources, high level co-ordination among all personnel in the court system, and supervision of investigation and prosecution of cases. The various treaties that South Africa has signed with many countries and multilateral institutions around the world also played a role to the success of the courts. South Africa is signatory to various treaties relating to the attainment of justice and equality in various fields of human rights. As a result, South African law is synchronised to international law and the laws of other countries, thus making it difficult for criminals to find a hiding space around the globe.

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Brief Summary as of 13 July 2010:

During the launch of these dedicated courts, the Minister had also highlighted the significance of these international treaties in fighting crime. “As partners in this global endeavour of fighting crime, we have pulled all stops to ensure that the judiciary puts its shoulder to the wheel to fasttrack the prosecution of foreign nationals who, wittingly or unwittingly, may be caught up in criminal activities. The full might of the law will be applied to anyone irrespective of country of origin, who may act or get involved in acts that may undermine our laws as well as the successful hosting of this very important FIFA World Cup,” the Minister explained. The commitment and endurance of the court officials, who have had to operate for extended hours, also played a significant role in the smooth running of the court process. Their courage is exemplary and should inspire all of us to work hard to ensure that the notion of access to justice for all is realised.

Total number of cases

205

Total convictions

122

Postponements

42

Acquittals

8

Withdrawals

33

Finalized cases

163

Speaking at the same event, the Department’s Chief Operations Officer, Dr Khotso De Wee thanked Safety & Security. Sector Education and Training Authority (SASSETA) for providing funding that ensured that volunteers are trained. “Through a legacy project of recruiting volunteers, a pool of about 290 unemployed youths was trained in the accredited Customer Service Management course. I wish to thank SASSETA for funding this project,” he explained.These volunteers have contributed immensely in ensuring that dedicated courts deliver on their mandate to ensure swift justice during the 2010 FIFA World Cup tournament. True to Advocate Menzi Simelane’s affirmation during the event, the prosecutors dealt with all matters that were reported during the World Cup. The Department is committed to preserve all elements that led to the success of these dedicated courts to improve on the criminal justice system. A comprehensive assessment will be done to identify successful elements which will then be incorporated into the normal criminal justice services.

Soccer legend, Lucas Radebe and Chief Director in the DoJ&CD, JB Skhosana also attended the launch of the 2010 dedicated courts

Number of cases dealt with per region: GP 87 42.44%

WC

LP

EC

KZN

FS

NW

MP

NC

62

6

22

8

7

7

6

0

30.24%

2.93%

10.73%

3.90%

3.41%

3.41%

2.93%

0%

Type of cases THEFT

SELLING FIFA TICKETS

FRAUD

COMMON ROBBERY

POSSESSION OF STOLEN GOODS

TRESPASSING

DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE

CULPABLE HOMICIDE

MALICIOUS DAMAGE TO PROPERTY

71

23

13

12

11

6

7

2

4

34.63%

11.22%

6.34%

5.85%

5.37%

2.93%

3.41%

0.98%

1.95%

Residents vs Non Residents: RESIDENTS

NON RESIDENTS

137

102

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PARENTS URGED TO PROTECT CHILDREN By Neliswa Demana

DOJ&CD Director-General, Nonkululeko Msomi with some of the children at the launch of Child Protection Week.

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ne of the major resounding successes of the 2010 FIFA World Cup tournament is the extent to which as a collective South Africans worked hard to ensure the protection of children. As the old saying goes, any nation that does not protect its children is doomed to fail. Prior to the event, it was feared that with the biggest world showpiece being hosted in our shores, children might be exposed to all forms of abuse and exploitation. As it turned out, there were very limited cases reported that involved the abuse, abduction and exploitation of children. This was also the result of government’s integrated approach to the protection of children. During its annually dedicated Child Protection Week, government mobilised all its stakeholders as well as members of the public, especially parents, to actively participate in activities aimed at protecting children. The Child Protection Week was introduced by government in 1997, to raise awareness and mobilise all sectors and communities towards a holistic development, care and protection of children. This year, the campaign focused on the safety of children during the World Cup and beyond. This year’s Child Protection Week coincided with the launch of the Children’s Act which came into effect on 1 April 2010. Speaking at the launch of the Child Protection Week and the Children’s Act in Pretoria, President Jacob Zuma urged parents to take care of their children during the World Cup and beyond.

bondage. Approximately 80% of victims are women and girls, and up to 50% are minor children.” Mr Zuma said the country must remember the World Cup with joy and excitement, and not with pain of missing women and children due to human trafficking. The President said the Criminal Justice System has prioritised human trafficking as a focus area. “Dedicated provincial anti-human trafficking police coordinators and task teams have been established. There are competent human trafficking investigators in every organised crime unit. Regular training workshops are presented to the police, especially to frontline officers working at ports of entry. We will play our part as government but parents and caregivers also have to be vigilant,” Mr Zuma explained. Human trafficking is when a person is moved from one place to another with the intention of exploitation. This person may be sold, bought, coerced, lied to or promised a better life. Applauding the launch of the Children’s Act, President Zuma said the Act was government’s response to human trafficking. “The legislation took 10 years to reach Parliament due to a very thorough consultative process. The Act makes it a crime to traffic children,” he said. The Children’s Act also introduces better reporting mechanisms for child abuse, neglect and exploitation of children. It is also innovative in the sense that it addresses the plight of child-headed households.

“While we are excited about the World Cup tournament, we are mindful that an event of this magnitude unfortunately also opens up opportunities for criminals such as those who traffic in women and children. We urge parents to take extra care and ensure that their children are supervised and provided with guidance at all times,” President Zuma said. Warning parents about human trafficking, President Zuma said “Human trafficking is a relatively new phenomenon in our country and we must take this threat very seriously. It is estimated that six to eight hundred thousand people are trafficked annually. They are lured by offers of employment, education or a better life and end up in foreign countries in

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President Zuma meeting South Africa’s future leaders

Amongst the objects of the Children’s Act is the preservation and strengthening of families, to give effect to the Constitutional rights of children including family care or parental care. The best interests of the child are of paramount importance in every matter concerning the child and these give effect to the Republic’s obligations in terms of international instruments which are binding to the Republic. “As you all know, families are the cornerstone of our community and primarily responsible for the care and protection of children. It is for this reason that the Children’s Act promotes the preservation and strengthening of families so as to give effect to the constitutional rights and obligation towards children, specifically family care, parental care or appropriate alternative care,” Mr Zuma said. The President said the Act aims to revive the community spirit that allows children to enjoy their childhood. The 2010 World Cup success may be realised if as a nation we continue to work hand in hand to ensure optimal protection of the children. Although the implementation of the Children’s Act is largely the responsibility of the Department of Social Development, our role as the Department of Justice and Constitutional Development is to ensure the provision of appropriately equipped children’s court, family advocate services and regulations against human trafficking. In line with the Children’s Act, all magisterial courts are considered children’s courts. This means that children in need of care and protection will now be assisted at any magisterial court that is closer to their communities. Children will also benefit from the Act as it emphasises the role of mediation as a point of departure. Mediation plays a significant role in building families as both parties involved in the case take ownership of the solutions. They are also cost effective making them accessible to all.

Some of the children who attended the event in their Bafana Bafana jersery’s. Ordinarily, the Act introduces new responsibilities for the family advocate, which will ensure that children’s matters are dealt with according to the constitution and fulfils South Africa’s commitment to the protection of children. Previously the services of the family advocate were required where divorce action has been instituted. This is not the case with the Children’s Act. The Children’s Act mandates the Family Advocate to perform various functions even in cases where there is no divorce action pending. The following are some of the functions of the Family Advocate as provided for by the Children’s Act:

PARENTAL RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS Parental Responsibilities of unmarried fathers • Compulsory mediation by the Family Advocate if there is a dispute between the biological father and mother of the child regarding any fulfillment of the conditions that will make him eligible to acquire full parental responsibilities. Parental responsibilities and rights agreements • The Act gives the Family Advocate the function of amending or terminating parental responsibilities and rights agreement which he or she has registered if it is against the interest of the child. • It provides that the Family Advocate must write a report and recommendations to the court indicating the best interest of the child when an application for adoption is made during application of assignment of contact or care by an interested person. • The Family Advocate may if he deems fit or in the best interest of the child apply to the court for termination, extension, suspension or restriction of parental responsibilities and rights. Parenting plans The Act gives the Family Advocate the function of assisting parties in preparing parenting plans. This is binding to parents who are experiencing difficulties in exercising their rights and responsibilities. •



It is also compulsory for both parties who wish to make their parenting plan an order to provide a statement by the Family Advocate. This Act has also incorporated the Hague Convention on International Abduction and thereby making it part of South African law. The Office of the Chief Family Advocate has been designated as a Central Authority in the application of this convention. This has also increased the functions of the Office of the Family Advocate.

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TEDDY BEAR CLINIC CARES FOR ABUSED CHILDREN By Justice Ditshego Station Manager for Talk Radio 702 Ms Pheladi Gwangwa appreciated David O’Sullivan’s role and emphaised that it is one of their highlights in the thirty years of existence. Ms Gwangwa defined her radio station as a key to the community’s identity while boasting its ability to serve. As a talk radio station, she said, “we will not be true and realistic if we only report about what happens in our community but fail to act.” “As a progressive democratic country it is most chilling if we look at where we rank on a socio-economic level. I take my head off for the Altech and other stakeholders for ensuring a social responsibility of this magnitude,” said Ms Gwangwa. She also emphasised the role of media as an ear and eye of the people while pleading to the audience to allow media to play a catalyst role. From left to right, Johan Klein (Altech Group exec HR & IR, Nonkululeko Msomi (DG Department of Justice),Dr John Carstens (Altech CFO), Daniel Radebe (Teddy Bear Clinic), Pheladi Gwangwa (702) and David O’ Sullivan (702)

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ltech Group officially opened a Teddy Bear Clinic for children who are victims of abuse to encourage a caring and socially responsible society. The Director-General of the Department of Justice and Constitutional Development, Ms Nonkululeko Msomi, also graced the function held in Protea North, Soweto. The Teddy Bear Clinic is a brain child of the Altech Group and Talk Radio 702 and is aimed at counselling abused children. The idea became prevalent after Talk Radio 702 host David O’ Sullivan reached a consensus with Altech to support these centres. By sponsoring the renovations, Altech Group has ensured that the Teddy Bear Clinic in Soweto will boast a child-friendly environment for assisting abused children in a comfortable environment. The clinic has a very important role in the criminal justice system as it prepares abused children to testify in courts. They provide:  Counselling for sexually abused children aged between 3 and18 years;  Write reports for courts to determine whether an abused child is fit to testify; and  participate in the rehabilitation of young sexual offenders. 

Addressing the audience who attended the official opening, Altech Chief Financial Officer (CFO) Dr John Carstens praised David O’ Sullivan for facilitating support and involvement of Talk Radio 702. “David and Altech’s Joe Makhafola found a common ground in early conversations and agreed that a lasting impact could be made through this initiative,” said Dr Carstens.

The company’s CFO indicated that in a continual spirit of giving, Teddy Bear Clinic is the latest beneficiary which received half a million rands for renovations. He said the impact and incidence of child abuse shock everyone and demand our action.

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As the only male employee for Teddy Bear Clinic Mr Daniel Radebe said he is grateful for the opportunity granted for him to bring the father figure into the clinic. He said, “I also want to thank Radio 702 more especially David O’Sullivan for giving us time on air.”   After conveying apologies on behalf of the Ministers of Justice and Constitutional Development and Social Development respectively, the Director-General Ms Nonkululeko Msomi emphasised the need “to invest in our children.” Speaking in the capacity of a government administrator and member of society, the Director-General said, “we respect and congratulate Altech for its vision. “The Constitution allows us to have all the rights but children also have rights not to be harmed and abused. Therefore, their rights should be respected. As government we make laws to protect our children against abuse and we appreciate those who support us in achieving this objective.”   Ms Msomi said if facilities of this nature do not exist it will be difficult to realise the objective of an improved criminal justice system for children. She emphasised her readiness to celebrate the selfless availability of magisterial, prosecutorial and clerical officials of the court on their daily work.   “The problem with victims is that only few from the majority come forth to declare that they were victimised. It goes without saying that 702 Talk Radio remains extremely current as it engages community participation on relevant issues,” said the DirectorGeneral. The Director-General labelled board members of the Teddy Bear Clinic as the biggest heroes for the day stating that there is a stereotype in society that people who abuse children are men. “But there are wonderful, loving and caring men like Daniel Radebe of the Teddy Bear Clinic,” the DG concluded.

JUSTICE BRANDISH A RED CARD AGAINST HUMAN TRAFFICKING By Neliswa Demana

Minister Radebe warning South Africans about the negative effects of human trafficking.

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he demise of slavery in the late 1800s ushered in a new world which respects the rights of all human beings and brought hope to those who were oppressed for many years. However, recently there has been a noticeable resurgence of exploitation which is facilitated through the process of human trafficking in persons across the globe. The South African government has committed to fighting human trafficking. Speaking at the launch of the Red Card campaign initiative to counteract human trafficking, Minister Jeff Radebe said human trafficking is a global phenomenon. He said South Africa (SA) as a developing country is seen as a destination and transit for trafficked persons. “Some of the human traffickers are brazen violators of human rights, while some disguise their human rights violations with activities that seem on the surface to be sound and compliant with our law,” the Minister said.

Advocate Menzi Simelane explaining to delegates the vital role prosecutors will play in the successful hosting

The Palermo Protocol is the first universal instrument that addresses all aspects of human trafficking. In particular:

 It deals with the countries of origin, transit and destination.  It includes preventive measures in particular to prevent victims of trafficking from re-victimisation.  It deals with the prosecution and punishment of the perpetrators and therefore fights against organised crime networks.  It provides for the assistance to and protection of victims of trafficking and provides valuable detail on physical, psychological and social recovery. It also makes provisions for appropriate housing, medical, psychological, counseling and information, in particular as regards their legal rights, in a language that the victims of trafficking in persons can

understand.

The Red Card campaign was initiated by the Tsireledzani programme and is being implemented by the Sexual Offences and Community Affairs (SOCA) Unit of the National Prosecuting Authority over a three-year period. “This period stretches from 2008 to 2010 at the end of which a report would be generated that will give pointers on what further steps we must take in order to be a step ahead of organised syndicate criminals,” Mr Radebe said.

It was feared that with SA hosting the 2010 FIFA World Cup, perpetrators of this heinous crimes will use the opportunity to expand their enterprises so that in turn they profit even more out of this criminal activity. Speaking at the event, Minister Radebe said “Government views human trafficking in a very serious light. We are not oblivious to the fact that this tournament presents an opportunity for those behind this illicit industry to take their chances.”

The objective of the programme is to ensure full compliance with the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons (otherwise known as Palermo Protocol), including the development of comprehensive legislation that is underpinned by a victim-centred empowerment approach.

According to the Minister, human trafficking cases are not easy to investigate and prosecute. However, government has interventions in place to try and uproot the phenomenon. The Trafficking in Persons Bill is one such intervention aimed at combating human trafficking. The Bill is currently before Parliament. It will do away with current fragmented legislation and introduce new offences associated with human trafficking.

According to the Palermo Protocol, human trafficking is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.

The Trafficking in Persons Bill aims to give effect to the United Nations Protocol and to provide for the prosecution and appropriate sentencing of persons involved in trafficking. It further aims to prevent trafficking and protect victims of trafficking. It also makes provisions for effective enforcement measures and generally to combat trafficking in persons.

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SMALL CLAIMS COURTS ENSURE COST EFFECTIVE AND SWIFT JUSTICE FOR THE POOR By Neliswa Demana justice is accessible and served. “Small Claims Courts are a powerful mechanism to provide access to justice, especially to the poor. These courts are based on speed, simplicity and cost effectiveness. They are created to eliminate time-consuming adversarial procedures before and during the trial.” He said the department further aims to establish additional 60 new courts by the end of the 2010 financial year and a further 60 by the end of the 2011 financial year. Assuring delegates about the department’s efforts in establishing these courts Deputy Minister Nel said “We are well on track to meet these targets. With the launch of the Alexandra Small Claims Court we have established 11 courts since April.” Held at the Alexandra community centre, the event also saw the launch of the Practical Guidelines for Commissioners and Clerks of Small Claims Courts. This launch was preceded by a training session for all commissioners, to ensure consistency in assisting people who are in need of Small Claims Court services. The development of guidelines for commissioners of the Small Claims Court was initiated at the 2003 conference which was attended by delegates from the Department, Cape Law Society and Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation. The conference was held in Cape Town and sort to discuss the transformation of the Small Claims Court.

Deputy Minister Andries Nel delivering the keynote address

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s one of its major priorities for this year, the Department of Justice and Constitutional Development seeks to further bring speedy and cost effective justice services closer to the people. Among the various measures identified for the realisation of this purpose is the redesignation of Small Claims Courts to all magisterial district. In his Budget Vote, the Deputy Minister, Mr Andries Nel, indicated that one of the department’s objectives is to ensure that there is at least one functioning and active Small Claims Court in the 384 magisterial districts. “We are just over the halfway mark. Today, we have 206 functioning Small Claims Courts. Of these, 17 were added since January 2009. The proclamation of a further 3 is imminent,” Mr Nel explained. Among the beneficiaries of this project are the people of Alexandra, Gauteng Province, where the Deputy Minister officially launched a Small Claims Court this year. The community welcomed this development as they will no longer have to travel long distances to claim redress for damages incurred. Their sentiments were echoed by the Gauteng Regional Head, Emily Dhlamini, in her welcoming address. “Thank you all for coming to this important launch. A Small Claims Court was the only service missing in the Alexandra Magistrate’s Court. The people of this community now can truly access justice,” she said. While delivering the keynote address, Deputy Minister Nel said the launch of the court was an important milestone in ensuring that

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The guidelines will benefit commissioners of the Small Claims Courts, court personnel and other professionals working with matters involving small claims between parties who seek fast and inexpensive legal redress. They are specifically designed to equip Commissioners with basic skills needed to adjudicate over small civil claims in terms of the Small Claims Court Act of 1984. These guidelines will contribute to the reengineering of the Small Claims Courts and clarifies the procedures and augments the skills required by commissioners and professionals to carry out their responsibility effectively. They will also assist in standardising the practice of Small Claims Courts, thereby enhancing their performance and their ability to provide justice to all. Previously, commissioners never received any formal training on Small Claims Court legislation and practice. They have had to largely depend on their experience as legal practitioners and academics in carrying out their mandate of presiding over these courts. Commissioners of the Small Claims Courts are drawn from the ranks of attorneys, advocates, retired magistrates and legal academics and are required to draw on their legal training and expertise in conducting Small Claims Courts duties. The Law Society of South Africa (LSSA) welcomed the revised and updated guidelines, saying that the organisation believes that this will provide a clearer and more complete guide to attorneys who sit as commissioners in the Small Claims Courts as well as clerks of the courts who are tasked with assisting members of the public. LSSA views the initiative as a tool to assist all the stakeholders to provide a more efficient and effective resolution of the matters in these courts for members of the public. The LSSA commended all attorneys who made themselves available on a pro bono basis. LSSA is proud of the initiative as it promotes access to justice for the public in an easily accessible and cost effective forum.

Programme Planning and Support Services Chief Director, Pieter Du Rand and Gauteng Regional Head, Emily Dlhamini at the launch of the guidelines.

Small Claims Courts

Small Claims Courts have been established in terms of the Small Claims Court Act, 1984 (Act 61 of 1984), to adjudicate over small civil claims. They are created to eliminate the time-consuming adversary procedures before and during the trial of these claims. The limit of cases involving civil claims is R7 000, however consultations are underway to increase this amount to between R10 000 and R15 000.

These courts aim to, amongst other services,

• p  rovide access for all, especially the poor and the vulnerable • establish systems and rules of court that are accessible and easy to understand • provide trained administrative support staff, and • attract and retain commissioners.

What matters are excluded from the jurisdiction of the court? • • • •

• • • •

Claims exceeding R7000 Claims against the State Claims based on the cession of or the transfer of rights. Claims for damages in respect of defamation, malicious prosecution, wrongful imprisonment, wrongful arrest, seduction and breach of promise to marry Claims for the dissolution of the marriage Claims concerning the validity of a will Claims concerning the status of a person in respect of his mental capacity Claims in which specific performance is sought without an alternative claim for payment of damages, except in the case of a claim for rendering an account or transferring moveable or immoveable property not exceeding R7000 in value.

Legal representation and assistance in the preparation of your claim

• R  epresentation by an attorney or advocate is not allowed. You may, however, at your own cost obtain prior advice from an attorney. • Legal assistants and clerks of the Small Claims Court will assist you free of charge.

How to institute a claim?

• C  ontact the opposing party (the person against whom you are lodging legal proceedings) in person, by telephone or writing, and request him to satisfy your claim • If the opposing party does not comply with your request, address

a written demand to him (setting out the particulars of the facts on which the claim is based, and the amount of the claim) affording him a minimum of 14 days from the date of receiving your written demand to satisfy your claim. • Deliver the demand by hand or by registered post to the opposing party (a person to whom you are instituting a claim). • After a lapse of a period of 14 days, report in person to the clerk of the court with your proof that the demand was delivered to the opposing party.

What to take along to the clerk of the court?

• Y  our written demand and the proof (for example, post office slip) that it was delivered. • Any contract, document or other proof upon which your claim is based or that has regard hereto. • The full name of business and address and telephone numbers of the opposing party.

What do you do on the appointed date and time of the hearing? • You must appear in court in person. • Ensure that you have all the document upon which your claim is based. • Ensure that all your witnesses are present. • Ensure that you have the written proof that the summons was served on the opposing party.

The hearing

• T  he court procedures are informal and simple. • No advocate or attorney may appear on your behalf. • The commissioner of the court will request you to state your case. State the facts as concisely as possible. • Answer the questions of the commissioner and submit your exhibits. • No cross-examination between the parties is allowed. With the commissioner’s permission you may, however, put a few questions to the opposing party. • Listen attentively to the opposing party’s explanations and once he has finished talking, bring to the attention of the commissioner your fact which, in your opinion he has not presented correctly. • After the commissioner has heard you, your opposing party and any witnesses that may be present, the court can pass judgement. (The commissioner may also indicate that he will notify you of his judgement in writing at a later stage.)

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AMBUSH MARKETERS MEET THE FULL MIGHTY OF JUSTICE IN SA By Neliswa Demana

Picture: http://www.google.co.za/imgres?imgurl=http://o.aolcdn.com/photo-hub/news_gallery

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he beautiful game of football has the power to bring large numbers and diverse fans together. Fans are often lured by the entertainment and the distinct carnival experience at the stadiums. It is this mass appeal that has attracted various sponsors, who are aiming to enhance visibility of their products, generate profit and eventually grow their businesses. These sponsors have in turn contributed immensely to the development of football globally and added to the festivities at the stadiums. Occasionally, the sport attracts some marketers who hope to score free publicity, which results in ambush marketing. Ambush marketing is when a supplier distributes free material bearing bold, eye catching company logos or similar insignia to fans attending a sporting event. The supplier aims to use fans as human billboards. This kind of marketing is illegitimate because the supplier uses the event as a platform to promote his/her brand without making the financial investment and/or fulfilling other obligations undertaken by the official sponsors. Ambush marketing, subsequently, jeopardizes the viability of organising privately financed sporting events. During the 2010 World Cup Tournament, which was successfully hosted by our country, two Dutch women were arrested on 16 June for an alleged ambush marketing activity. The women, who were released on R10 000 bail each, are said to have organised 36 women to wear short orange dresses made by a Dutch beer brewer Bavaria to 2010 FIFA World Cup match. The women, apparently, dressed up as Danish supporters when entering the stadium. They then took off their Danish outfits to reveal the orange miniskirts. The dresses caught the eyes of legal experts on the lookout for ambush marketing campaigns. Their arrest and subsequent prosecution is in line with both FIFA and South African regulations. In an effort to combat ambush marketing, FIFA has developed a comprehensive global rights protection programme. The programme aims to register and protect all official FIFA trademarks. At the

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same time FIFA has implemented its right protection programme in close collaboration with various host authorities. More than 150 international specialists help FIFA register and protect its trademarks. The following are trademarks/designs registered by FIFA as of 6 February 2008 for the 2010 FIFA World Cup tournament:

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

The official mascot (Zakumi), emblem and poster 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa World Cup 2010 RSA 2010/South Africa 2010 Football World Cup/Soccer World Cup FIFA World Cup SA 2010/ZA 2010 2010 FIFA World Cup World Cup South Africa World Cup All names of all SA venue cities with the figure 2010 behind them Twenty ten/2010 World Cup South Africa Any similar derivatives and/or combinations of any of the above marks.

FIFA also protects all variations of the South African 2010 logo and all the country specific logos and symbols of all previous football World Cup events, as well as all previous World Cup emblems, pictures and drawings of the FIFA World Cup trophy and the Jules Rimet Cup (A previous World Cup trophy). South African legislation combating ambush marketing: The South African Government has enacted legislation that registers and

protects names, symbols and trademarks. The Trade Practices Act (Act 76 of 1076), Merchandise Marks Act (Act 17 of 1941) and the First and Second 2010 FIFA World Cup Special Measures Act (SMA)are some of the pieces of legislation that fight ambush marketing.

Trade Practice Act This legislation was passed to protect consumers against false or

Therefore, no liquor product produced by anyone who has not been designated by FIFA as an official sponsor (or “commercial affiliate”, as it is called in the legislation) may be sold in and/or around any stadium or venue during a FIFA event or marketed within the stadium itself.

misleading advertisements. Section 9(d) of this Act provides that no person shall “in connection with a sponsored event, make, publish

While most of the restrictions in the SMAs are related to sale and

or display any false or misleading statement, communication or

promotion of certain products in and around the stadia at which

advertisement which represents, implies or suggests a contractual

World Cup matches are to take place, it should be noted that the

or other connection or association between that person and the

use of FIFA’s trademarks is restricted no matter where one intends

event, or the person sponsoring the event, or cause such statement,

to use them. Any bar or restaurant using any of the trademarks or

communication or advertisement to be made, published or

presenting itself as a sponsor of the event would be guilty of infringing

displayed.” Without prior permission of FIFA, no organanisation can

the trademarks and copyright belonging to FIFA.

commercially represent any association between that institution, its goods or services and the 2010 FIFA World Cup trademarks.

Merchandise Marks Act The Minister of Trade and Industry, Dr Rob Davies, has protected the 2010 FIFA World Cup tournament as a protected event in terms of the Merchandise Marks Act. The purpose of the Act is to make provision concerning the marking of merchandise and covering with which merchandise is sold and the use of certain words and emblems in connection with business. The Act creates a number of criminal offences in relation to the unlawful use of trade descriptions and emblems. In addition, the Act provides for the protection of prohibited marks and continuous provisions relating to ambush marketing.

Any person convicted of an offence in terms of the Act shall be liable, in the case of a first conviction, to a fine not exceeding R5 000 for each article to which the offence relates or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding three years or to both such fine and such imprisonment. For a second or subsequent conviction, penalties not exceeding R10 000 for each article to which the offence relates or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding five years or to such fine and such imprisonment, may be imposed.

First and Second 2010 FIFA World Cup Special Measures Act (SMA) Particular restrictions are imposed in relation to liquor marketing. Section 3(2)(b) of the second SMA restricts the marketing, distribution, consumption and advertising of liquor at a designated stadium or venue to commercial affiliates that have been recognised by FIFA.

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ORIGINAL FREEDOM CHARTER RETURNS TO A DEMOCRATIC SOUTH AFRICA By Neliswa Demana

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he 1955 signed copy of the Freedom Charter has returned to South Africa (SA). The Charter is an important part of South Africa’s history and was instrumental in the development of the country’s Constitution, which is universally hailed as one of the most progressive in the world. The Charter nearly went on auction in London but was rescued following intervention by the Liliesleaf Trust and the South African Government. Receiving the Freedom Charter, Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe said that the document is returning to a free and democratic South Africa, whose Constitution was greatly influenced by the principles enshrined in it. “In the spirit of the Freedom Charter, I wish to declare to all gathered here today that this is a warmly welcomed gift to the people of South Africa. Allow me therefore to express our profound thanks to all those who were involved in ensuring that this piece of our history is brought back to where it belongs – to the people of South Africa,” the Deputy President said.

History of the Charter:

The Freedom Charter arose out of the Congress of the People campaign, instituted by the African National Congress (ANC) in 1950s to bring the various liberation movements in the country together with a common list of demands, in accord with the 1948 UN Universal Declaration on Human Rights. The ANC sent over 50 000 so-called “Freedom Volunteers” out to the townships to publicise the forthcoming national freedom convention, and to collect suggestions and demands for the Freedom Charter which had been mooted at the ANC’s Cape congress in 1953. It was the distinguished academic Professor ZK Matthews who came up with the idea, saying, “I wonder whether the time has not come for the ANC to consider the question of convening a national convention, a congress of the people, representing all the people of this country irrespective of race or colour, to draw up a Freedom Charter for the democratic South Africa of the future.” Once all the demands were in the National Action Council of the Charter which was set to sort and categorise them, the backbone of the

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document slowly emerged from the jumble of information. The council then presented it to the African National Congress the day before the opening of the Congress of the People. Its famous opening words, “We, the people of South Africa, declare for all our country and the world to know that South Africa belongs to all who live in it, black and white,” are today enshrined in the Constitution. The Congress Alliance consisted of the ANC, the South African Indian Congress, the Coloured People’s Congress and the South African Congress of Democrats, and South African Congress of Trade Unions (SACTU). These organisations together presented the Freedom Charter as the statement of their principles. Police interrupted the two-day congress on the second day, but by then all those present had already heard the tenets of the Charter and were fired up for action. The government denounced the Charter as a communist document, and because communism was banned at the time, they proceeded to arrest over 150 activists, including Mandela. This led to the notorious Treason Trial of 1956, which dragged on until 1961 when all 156 accused were found not guilty. Their arrest and incarceration could not stop the surreptitious circulation of the Charter among young and old freedom fighters, and it kept the hopes of the people alive. The Congress Alliance leaders signed the charter; however there was no collective signing ceremony as this would have been dangerous for them. Instead the Charter was circulated underground and taken to where each leader was to be signed. “This explains the varying dates next to the signatures. For example Monty Naicker of the SA Indian Congress signed it in February 1960 and Chief Albert Luthuli only signed it on November 1960,” Motlanthe explained. Most of the signed copies were seized by the police and some survived as evidence in the Treason Trial. The returned signed copy was in the hands of Mr Leon Levy who was first the Treasurer and then the President of SACTU. “He was one of the Treason Trialists, but his copy

of the Freedom Charter was saved from police hands. However, in 1961, with the advent of the Republic and the ever-increasing state repression, Mr Levy gave it to a visiting British actor, Mr Guy Slater and asked him to smuggle it out of the country,” said the Deputy President. When Leon Levy himself was driven into exile in Britain in 1963, Guy Slater returned it to him and the Freedom Charter hung shared Leon Levy’s exile with him until he returned to SA in the 1990s.

Principles of the Freedom Charter:

The principles of the Charter influenced the current South African Constitution. The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996, was approved by the Constitutional Court on 4 December 1996 and took effect on 4 February 1997. The Constitution is the supreme law of the land. No other law or government action can supersede the provisions of the Constitution.

The following are principles in the Freedom Charter that are enshrined in the Constitution:

The Congress Alliance wanted all South Africans to have an opportunity to vote for and to stand as a candidate for all bodies which make laws. They also wanted equal rights for everyone regardless of race, colour and gender. Section 19 of the Constitution states that every citizen has the right to free, fair and regular elections. It also makes provisions for all adults to vote in elections for any legislative body established in terms of the Constitution, and to do so in secret. The Bill of Rights in the Constitution states that everyone is equal before the law and has the right to equal protection and benefit of the law. This section of the Bill of Rights is a reflection of what was enshrined in the Freedom Charter. The Charter demanded equal status in the bodies of state, in the courts and in the schools for all national groups and races. It also wanted people to have equal rights to use their own languages, and to develop their own folk culture and customs. National groups, according to the charter, had to be protected by law against insults to their race and national pride. The Charter further condemned the preaching and practice of national, race or colour discrimination. Apartheid laws and practices were also repelled by the charter. The State, according to the Constitution, must take reasonable legislative and other measures, within its available resources, to foster conditions which enable citizens to gain access to land on an equitable basis. The Charter stated that restrictions of land ownership on a racial basis shall be ended, and all the land re-divided amongst those who work it to banish famine and hunger.

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JUDICIAL SERVICE AMENDMENT ACT STRENGTHENS ACCOUNTABILITY AND IMPARTIALITY By Luyanda Makapela Mr Skosana added that judicial accountability and impartiality forms the nucleus of an independent judicial system. The Judicial Service Commission Act introduces, for the first time in South African law, an enforceable Code of Judicial Conduct which should be approved by Parliament to ensure the public have an opportunity to participate in the development of the Code. The amendments effected to the Judicial Service Commission Act give effect to Section 180 of the Constitution which provides for the enactment of national legislation to provide for complaint mechanism about judicial officers. The amendment was initially passed into law in December 2008. After the enactment, processes were then put in place to draft subordinate legislation, namely the Code and the Regulation required by the Act in order to meet statutory deadline of four months for the introduction in Parliament.

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he Judicial Service Amendment Act, which came into effect on June 1, accelerates the transformation of the judiciary while ensuring that it is independent. The Act came into operation after a century since the establishment of the High Court of the Union of South Africa in 1910. It provides, amongst other things, the development of guidelines by the Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development which will be used in granting consent to perform extra judicial work. One of the objectives of the Act is to provide for a Code of Conduct, which will be compiled by the Chief Justice. The document will cater for regulations to be made by the Justice Minister in consultation with the Chief Justice. These regulations afford for the establishment of the Register for Judge’s Financial Interests and rules to be made by the Chief Justice regulating procedures before a Judicial Conduct Tribunal. Deputy Chief State Law Adviser, Mr JB Skosana, said the independence of the judiciary and the rule of law are the pillars of democracy. Mr Skosana said these amendments seek to enhance not only judicial independence, but judicial accountability.

“Only accountable judiciary, which resolves disputes fairly, impartially and speedily increases public confidence in the justice system of a country and the transformation initiatives under this Act are intended to achieve this goal,” said Mr Skosana.

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Both the Code of Conduct and the Regulations are expected to be approved by Parliament within four months after the commencement date of the Act. This, in turn, will mean that both documents should be tabled before Parliament and be dealt with accordingly by November this year. Mr Skosana said that key provisions of the Act will regulate the performance of extra judicial work by judges for profit. He said judges in active service (those that have not been discharged from active service upon reaching the retirement age) are prohibited from doing any extra judicial work for profit, for example; serving in another capacity as director in a company, legal advisor etc. This is done to protect the independence and impartiality of judges. The Department views this exercise as an opportunity of providing public participation in the development of the Code of Conduct for Judges as it forms an important element of ensuring access to justice for all. This exercise will further give ordinary citizens an opportunity to have a say on how they wish judges could conduct themselves in handling their matters/affairs. On the other hand, Regulations for disclosure of financial interests form important measures to protect the integrity and independence of the courts and judges. For example, if a judge who is known to hold shares in a particular company which is a part to a suit may be requested to excuse him/herself from the hearing of that particular case. The Code will further provide an avenue for the public to come forward if their cases are dragging unreasonably and in the event where they are treated with disrespect and dignity. South Africa is one of the few jurisdictions that have enacted such progressive legislative measures which affirm the nature of our Constitution as being exemplary among other democracies.

ASPIRANT MAGISTRATES GET TRAINED TO BETTER JUSTICE By Neliswa Demana

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agistrates play a vital role in accessing and transforming justice services that are committed to the promotion of constitutional values. 73 aspirant magistrates are currently being capacitated with skills that will help in ensuring an effective and efficient justice system. The magistrates are being trained by Justice College in Pretoria. The training, which began on 12 July, will last for two months with a one week break. The trainees come from all the provinces. The majority are acting in magisterial positions while the others have been privately practising law. Justice College Head, Mr Julian Marsh welcomed the delegates to the workshop and thanked them for attending the workshop. “This is an important course. We are here to transfer skills. The lecturers are very experienced. They have been in practice for many years. You are in capable hands,” he said. Mr Marsh explained that the course will train and assess the aspirant magistrates. “We, as the Justice College, have to report on your progress to the Magistrates’ Commission. There will be a lot of reading, assignments and homework. We each have to play our roles,” he concluded. The Justice College provides vocational training to all officials of the Department of Justice and Constitutional Development. Training is integral to the department’s efforts to widen and improve citizens’ access to justice, enable the department to meet its strategic objectives and empower employees to heighten their performance. The college also provides training in legislative drafting to officers working with legislation in various Government departments. Pretoria Chief Magistrate, Desmond Nair, urged the magistrates to not specialise on certain aspects of law. “Move away from specialisation. It is not good for your career. Strive to be a new generation of better magistrates,” he said. He advised the magistrates to always lookup regulations and to always follow the magistrates’ code of conduct. “Look at the Magistrate’s Act, regulations and the judicial manual,” he urged. Mr Nair also

advocated the magistrates to not be bullies in their courts, saying that they have to be emotionally clever for justice to be served. magistrates’ Commission Secretary, Danie Schoeman, explained that the aspirant magistrates are on a year’s probation. In this year service agreements are to be signed. “The Judicial Cluster Head will appoint a mentor for you. This mentor will guide you on the bench. Consult them when imposing judgments and sentences,” he said. The mentors, according to Mr Schoeman, are expected to submit reports to the Commission after six months about the progress of the aspirant magistrates. The trainees are to also comment on the report. After receiving a satisfying report, the Commission will approach the Justice and Constitutional Development Deputy Minister to appoint the aspirant magistrates permanently. Mr Schoeman explained the process followed in the appointment of magistrates. He also explained the role and structure of the Magistrates’ Commission. The Commission ensures that the appointment, promotion, transfer or discharge of, or disciplinary steps against judicial officers in the lower courts takes place without favour or prejudice. It also ensures that the applicable laws and administrative directions in connection with such actions are applied uniformly and correctly. It also attends to grievances, complaints and misconduct investigations against magistrates. It advises the Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development on matters such as the appointment, promotion and salaries of magistrates and legislation. The course is divided into two sections, namely the criminal and civil matters. In the criminal matters section, the acting magistrates will be trained about the general principles in Criminal Law, criminal court procedures (including sentencing and examining evidence), and specific criminal offences. The civil matters training will focus on civil court procedures, jurisdiction of civil courts, summons, default judgments and judgment writing, the National Credit Act, Family Law, evictions, administration orders, Law of damages and contracts.

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International Views on Justice

SA ENDORSES MAJOR CONVENTIONS By Pearl Nhlapo

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outh Africa is party to a number of international conventions and treaties which facilitate international trade, relations and co-operation. The world is rapidly becoming a global village, and in order to relate and engage there must be mutually agreed upon rules and guidelines put in place to foster relations between nations.

The convention on the Rights of the Child is United Nations recognized and aims to protect and promote the child-specific human rights of all children

This is done by putting in place treaties and international conventions to which states can become party through ratification or they can show their moral obligation through mere signature of the treaty.

A child, under the convention is a person below the age of 18 years (unless the law specifies that the age of majority may be attained earlier). The Convention was drafted in 1989, and protects children’s rights. However ratification of an instrument (treaty/ convention) requires that a state have in place legislative, administrative and other measures which are in line with and in promotion of the norms of the specific treaty the country has aligned itself to.

It further sets out the basic human rights that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life.

Being a member state to the various treaties and conventions further gives rise to the obligation to periodically report to the United Nations on the progress made with regard to the implementation of the specific treaty.

The four core principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child. Every right spelled out in the Convention is inherent to the human dignity and harmonious development of every child. The Convention protects children’s rights by setting standards in health care; education; and legal, civil and social services.

The duty to report on treaty-obligations is an important responsibility as it evidences the country’s commitment to the global effort to protect and promote human rights. In adhering to the regular reporting schedule required by the International UN bodies a country then gets the opportunity to assess its compliance or lack thereof with its international obligations through the drafting of the country report.

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South Africa is a state party as it has ratified the Convention and, in keeping with the obligations that the convention imposes on states parties, the Children’s Act (Act 38 of 2005) was promulgated in 2005 to give national protection to the rights of

children.

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD) On 3 October 1994 South Africa signed the CERD. Four years later on 10 December 1998 the country ratified the Covenant. The CERD is concerned with the elimination of discrimination on the basis of race, colour and other features of ethnicity. It requires State Parties to promulgate and implement policy and other measures to prohibit and punish occurrences of discrimination, as well as to put in place measures which promote integrationalism. The preamble to the CERD states that: “…any doctrine of superiority based on racial differentiation is scientifically false, morally condemnable, socially unjust and dangerous, and that there is no justification for racial discrimination, in theory or in practice, anywhere …” Article 9 of the CERD requires that States Parties should submit regular reports to the Committee on the legislative, judicial, administrative or other measures which they have adopted, and which give effect to the provisions of the treaty. States must report initially one year after acceding to the Convention and then every two years thereafter or whenever the committee (CERD committee) so requests. The first South African report on the CERD was submitted on 02 December 2004, along with the second and third periodic reports. The International legal relations unit is currently engaged in the drafting of the 4th, 5th and 6th periodic reports.

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) The foundational document on the global protection of human rights, the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, recognises

the inherent importance of the dignity of every person as being the cornerstone of freedom, justice and peace in the world, and one of the key antagonists which degrade human dignity in the world, is the practice of torture. The protection of the inherent dignity of every person was sought to be protected by the adoption of the Convention Against Torture

in 1984. The CAT elaborates the scope of the right of every individual not to be subjected to torture or other ill-treatment. It lays out in detail the extent of the State’s obligation to protect individuals from torture, to create a criminal offence of torture, to investigate allegations of torture, and to provide redress where torture does occur. The Convention also requires States to take effective measures to prevent torture by training police and law enforcement officials, and by keeping interrogation rules and custody arrangements under review. The International Legal Relations Unit is currently engaged in the drafting of the 1st periodic report after having submitted the initial country report in 2006.

African Charter on Human and People’s Rights (ACHPR) The Charter recognizes the importance of and gives protection to the rights to freedom, equality, and justice. Article 2 of the Charter seeks to eradicate all forms of colonialism from Africa, to coordinate and intensify their cooperation and efforts to achieve a better life for the peoples of Africa and to promote international cooperation having due regard to the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Charter further vocalizes the essentiality of the rights to development and that civil and political rights cannot be dissociated from economic, social and cultural rights in their conception as well as universality and that the satisfaction of economic, social and cultural rights is a guarantee for the enjoyment of civil and political rights. Recognized within the charter is the fact that the enjoyment of rights and freedoms also implies the performance of duties on the part of everyone. South Africa acceded to the ACHPR on 9 July 1996 and the International Legal Relations Unit is currently engaged with the drafting of the 2nd periodic report, the first country report having been submitted in 2001. South Africa’s legal and institutional and policy framework is meant to ensure protection of the rights and freedoms provided for and recognised under the above instruments to every person. All the measures taken to guarantee the rights recognised under the above conventions are expressly provided for or stipulated in the Constitution of South Africa. The Constitution recognises the equality of all persons before the law. The constitution expressly recognises equality before the law and takes various measures that are meant to ensure that protection afforded by the law is based on principles of equality. It further recognizes the inherent dignity of every person and the right not to be subjected to torture or inhuman, cruel, degrading treatment or punishment while further affording citizens the rights to civil, political and socio-economic rights. It is therefore not strange that the South African constitution is hailed globally as being the forward-looking and highly developed constitutions of its time, especially considering the repressive history that South Africa emerges from.

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Top Stories

JUSTICE

Across the Nation PRETORIA FAMILY ADVOCATE’S OFFICE EDUCATES CHILDREN ABOUT HUMAN TRAFFICKING By Justice Ditshego

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n support of the Child Protection Week, the Family Advocate’s Office in Pretoria reached out to educate Hamilton Primary School learners about human trafficking, with the purpose of highlighting the risks facing children during the World Cup and beyond. The Family Advocate, Thabo Molea, taught learners about the Children’s Act and the responsibility of Family Advocate’s Office. “Our office is responsible to represent children’s interests, and if your rights as a child are being compromised feel free to visit our offices,” said Adv Molea. Ms Tankiso Letuka Family Counsellor emphasised the combination of rights and responsibilities to the learners. Rights, said Ms Letuka, do not go alone but the come with responsibilities. “As children you have the rights to be heard, to belong and to be taken care of. But you also have responsibilities to

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LAND CLAIMS JUDGES SHARE IDEAS By Justice Ditshego

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he Land Claims Court held a seminar to discuss and share ideas on how to deal with problems experienced in dealing with land claims matters. The seminar was held at the Constitutional Court chaired by the Land Claims Court Judge President Fikile Bam. The seminar covered issues such as the administration of court files, allocation of matters to judges and the accessibility of the judges, especially when matters are urgent.

respect others and accept those who are homeless.” To expand on the rights issue, Ms Mosima Machete spoke about the rights to education and protection against any form of harm. Deepening an understanding of human trafficking Dr Niki Schoeman, the Social Worker, engaged the learners and warned them against strangers who would be child traffickers. She said “When being asked for direction by strangers, or dragged into their car by force, please scream to attract attention.” For safety against and prevention of human trafficking, children were also advised to ignore strangers and walk away. Dr Schoeman highlighted child labour and prostitution to be among other reasons behind human trafficking. She raised a number of practices that children should follow to prevent human trafficking:  When you leave home tell your mother or guardian where exactly will you be

 Make sure your parents have your photo in their purse or wallets for identity purposes  Your friends must be introduced to your parents for them to know who to call if you disappear  Know the address of where you live  Do not trust strangers even when they tease you with money Senior Advocate Chris Mare told the learners to be vigilant at all times. “Many people and children disappear as a result of human trafficking and I am urging you to be cautious and attentive,” he said. He also recognised and appreciated efforts taken by all in attendance. Ms Latie Maluleke who was the programme director for the day encouraged the learners to dream, walk, talk and live their rights. Hamilton Primary School learners were granted an opportunity to perform a human trafficking-related drama for the audience.

The judges in attendance reiterated their commitment to work with all the stakeholders and land claims commissioners. They were all committed to assisting all role players in this course to make sure that the matters brought before them are dealt with as soon as possible. In the spirit of working together, the Land Claims Court Manager, Ms Zoleka Sondlo indicated that they had invited land claims commissioners, attorneys, lawyers, law firms and all judges dealing with land claims matters to the seminar. Amongst other problems encountered are the definition of informal borders, the high prices of land which is sometimes out of reach as well as defining the claim. Pre-trial conference is regarded as important and more successful but unfortunately, some people do not attend these conferences. Most of the time attorneys are not available for conferencing although they are available on their mobile phones. Most of the cases that are submitted to the court do not comply with Land Claims Court regulations. Judges sometimes have to delay hearings because a claimant, witness or other role player in the claim is not present. Automatic review matters also cause problems in that some matters take longer to be finalised than others, although the procedure is the same. The judges indicated that some cases are not correctly marked nor are they correctly indexed which delays the allocation of cases to

them. Another delaying factor is that the court sometimes functions as a circuit court, thus making it difficult to find accommodation in the court for land claims matters. The seminar agreed that protocol should be followed to make matters of the court easy and that the Court Manager should be approached for assistance with these procedures. Organisations, individuals as well as role players working

with land claims, were urged to have respect for the court. Judges were encouraged to be strict in ensuring that protocol is followed. Judge President Bam urged everyone to work collective to ensure that the courts deliver the necessary services to the people.

NORTH WEST READY TO DEAL WITH HUMAN TRAFFICKING By Isaac Mokaila

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he North West Regional Office hosted two day workshop on Human Trafficking at Mafikeng Foundation Stone. Critical stakeholders within the Criminal Justice System such as the Judiciary, Departments of Health, Social Development, Police, Home Affairs (Immigration) and the Prosecution were represented. The first session was attended by stakeholders and the second session was for Non-Government Organisations. Welcoming key stakeholders, Ms Raesibe Tladi applauded stakeholders for their attendance and emphasised the importance of teamwork in fighting against human trafficking in the province. “Human trafficking is the fastest growing organised crime in the world today. Human trafficking is a crime that occurs through a process of recruitment

and wherever it takes place the procedure is similar, young girls and boys are taken from one place to another by someone who enslaves them through years of exploitation and abuse. Addressing Non-Governmental organisations, Annelize Roos from the National Institute Community Development and Management (NICDAM) pleaded with parents to monitor their children and to discourage them from excessive chatting because people with wrong intentions take advantage of new media facilities. Others would masquerade as recruiters. “Parents should verify issues such as physical addresses of these recruiters in order to ensure that their children do not land in the wrong hands. The media should also report responsibly because in most cases they expose victims,” she said.

EASTERN CAPE ENGAGES LEARNERS DURING CHILD PROTECTION WEEK By Emily Nkinana Court Preparations Officers educated learners about the criminal justice system. They further encouraged learners to speak out about any wrongdoings they may encounter. In their presentation, Childline representatives informed and warned learners and teachers about human trafficking. They also gave safety tips to learners.

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hild Protection Week aims to raise awareness, as well as to mobilise all sectors and communities towards the development, care and protection of children. In supporting the South African Government, the Eastern Cape Regional Office embarked on an awareness campaign that educated primary school children from Veeplaas and Motherwell about Child Protection Week. Officials from the Regional Office, National Prosecuting Authority, Childline and the Judiciary made presentations about the importance of the campaign.

The Regional Court Magistrate, Mr Barnabas Ndungane, explained to learners and teachers the process one has to follow when interacting with the court either as a victim or a perpetrator. After his presentation, he further encouraged teachers to arrange with the court for learners to visit and listen to court proceedings whilst the court is in-session. Ms Emily Nkinana gave a presentation on the Victim’s Charter and put emphasis on the seven rights as contained in the Charter. She also spoke about relevant legislation that will be upheld during one’s interaction with the criminal justice system. She further encouraged learners to tell their parents to make use of the complaints mechanism at the service points. All the principals for the various schools visited during this event thanked the department for the informative sessions. A maintenance complaint was received and it was resolved immediately by the Grahamstown Magistrate’s Office.

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2010 SOCCER WORLD CUP PAGE FOR JUSTICE TODAY Naphuno Magistrate’s Court celebrates the beginning of the World Cup in style

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fficials from the Naphuno Magistrate’s Court in Limpopo celebrated the kick-off of the 2010 World Cup by wearing their Bafana Bafana jerseys and blew vuvuzelas on 11 June. The officials with the leadership of the Head of Judiciary, Mr Nchabeleng and the Court Manager Mr Mdluli sang the national anthem with pride.  In truly showing the South African spirit of dance, the staff did the diski-dance.

Upington Lower Court Ladybrand Magistrate supports national team Court officials show support for Bafana

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ourt officials, members of the judiciary, prosecution, and Police from the Lower Court Upington joined millions of South Africans in showing support for Bafana Bafana on Wednesday 9 June 2010.   Excited officials from the court wore their Bafana Bafana jerseys and blew vuvuzelas in the streets. They also sung the national anthem. Everyone pledged to fully support Bafana Bafana during this historic 2010 FIFA World Cup.

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fficials from the Ladybrand Magistrate’s Court joined millions of South Africans in showing support for Bafana Bafana.   Excited officials from the court wore their Bafana Bafana jerseys, did the diski dance, chanted songs that supported Bafana Bafana and blew vuvuzelas. Neighbouring schools also joined the celebrations.   The officials pledged to fully support Bafana Bafana during the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

Wes t e r n C a p e c o u n t s d o w n days to kick off By Neliswa Demana

the role the department will be playing in ensuring a successful World Cup,” Adv Mohamed said. The Regional Head alerted officials about criminal activities that might happen during the tournament. “There will be criminals during the World Cup, but we as the department are ready to handle them. We are committed to our role of administering justice during the event,” he explained. Adv Mohamed thanked all the officials who attended the event. “Your attendance and the colours you are wearing show us that we are truly ready to host this event,” he concluded.

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ith just a few days to go to the 2010 FIFA World Cup kick off, officials from the Western Cape Regional Office showed their support for Bafana Bafana by wearing their football jerseys, blowing vuvuzelas, doing the diski dance and singing the national anthem. The officials converged at the Regional’s Office training and conference centre on 28 May. The event was part of the national Football Friday campaign which aims to encourage South Africans to support the national soccer team. Welcoming officials, Western Cape Regional Head, Advocate Hishaam Mohamed, said the purpose of the event was to get officials in Cape Town excited about the World Cup. “While we are excited about the hosting of the World Cup, we should not forget

22

Court Operations Director, Joseph Manuel, gave a presentation about the Western Cape’s readiness to host the tournament. “We will have dedicated courts for the World Cup. These courts will be operational two weeks before, during and two weeks after the event. The first shift of these courts will be from 07h45 to 16h30 and the second will be from 16h30 to 23h00,” he said. Assuring officials about the province’s readiness to host the event, Mr Manuel said “We are ready to serve justice. Courts are equipped with electronic access control equipment, 24 hour professional private security guards, burglar bars on all windows, security and occupational health and safety signage.” Officials then showcased their dancing skills by doing the diski dance. Songs of support for Bafana Bafana were also chanted.

20 D a y s t o k i c k off, P o t c h e f s t r o o m Mag i s t r a t e O f f i c e

Polokwane court officials support Bafana Bafana By Neliswa Demana

By Isaac Mokaila

O

fficials from the Polokwane Magistrate’s Court, the Master’s Office, the High Court and the Family Advocate Office took part in the football Friday campaign on 30 April.

 

A

s a pledge to support Bafana Bafana, Potchesfroom Magistrate Court staff members celebrated Football Friday on 21 May 2010. The celebration marked 20 days before the official kick off of the 2010 FIFA World Cup on 11 June 2010 at Soccer City Stadium in Johannesburg. Potchefstroom Magistrates Court was transformed into the sea of gold as officials dressed in their Bafana Bafana soccer jerseys, blew vuvuzelas and chanted songs in support of the national team. The officials at the court also celebrated the day by skilfully doing the diski dance. Even the maintenance investigator, Mr Charlie Teko, and Mr Hluphekile Ndilele, the Court Manager in Potchefstroom, showed all the moves that could leave seasoned chorographers envious. Deputy Director: Internal Communications, Lazarus Mothupi from the National Office, pleaded with staff members to sing the national anthem with pride, confidence and respect. “It is important to sing the national anthem with confidence to show respect and patriotism to your country. Staff should also familiarise themselves with Departmental policies and make proper arrangements for leave with their respective supervisors well in advance.” he said.  The Area Court Manager, Mr Pule Mpolokeng applauded staff members for rallying behind the national team. He also encouraged staff to behave well at all times when interacting with members of the public. “Potchefstroom will be the base camp for Spain and we must make them welcome. It is important to behave well at all times when interacting with members of the public because you are the face of the Department.” he said. Chief Magistrate Desmond Humpel also applauded the officials for showing respect when singing the national anthem. “The manner in which you sang the national team today has really touched me. I can feel it, it is here” he said.

Speaking at the event which was held at the Polokwane Magistrate’s Court parking bay, High Court Manager Salome Tsweleng gave a background on the department’s readiness to host the World Cup. “We, here in Polokwane, are ready to host the World Cup. The country as a whole is also ready to host. We are not 80% ready, but we are 100% ready for all those visitors who will be visiting our land,” she said.   Informing officials about the Polokwane’s courts readiness to host the World Cup, Ms Tsweleng said the courts in the province are ready to deal with any criminal activities.  “Our courts are ready.  Funds are available for all those who will be working overtime during the event.  We have a time-table of all stakeholders who will make sure that justice is served during the World Cup,” she explained.

Ms Tsweleng said the department, in an effort to ensure that justice is served fairly, appointed foreign language interpreters. “We have gone an extra mile in ensuring that everyone receives justice by appointing foreign language interpreters.  We also have 28 volunteers who will help during the court proceedings,” she said. The High Court Manager concluded by urging all officials to respect one other. “Let us start by respecting each other. If we respect each other, then we will be able to respect our visitors and stand together united,” she said.   Internal Communications Deputy Director Lazarus Mothupi, from the National Office, thanked officials for showing patriotism towards the national team. “Let us all go out and support Bafana Bafana.  If you have tickets to any game, please do proper arrangements with your supervisor. All managers have been sent a circular that urges them to be flexible during the World Cup. This does not mean that you can just leave. Proper procedures must be followed,” he said.  He urged officials to learn the national anthem, buy Bafana Bafana jerseys and be united. “Let us all work like a family. We are the justice family. Let us unite in supporting Bafana Bafana and serving justice,” he concluded.

Kimberley celebrates 50 days countdown By Neliswa Demana

S

outh Africa, as the host of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, celebrated the 50 days countdown to the first World Cup kick-off on Wednesday, 21 April 2010.  The official State celebrations were held at the Galeshewe stadium in Kimberley.  The Department joined in the celebrations with officials from the Northern Cape Regional Office, the National Prosecuting Authority, Masters Office, Kimberley Magistrate’s Court and the Office of the Family Advocate. Officials wore their Bafana Bafana jerseys, sang the national anthem, blew vuvuzelas and danced the diski-dance. Welcoming the officials, Northern Cape Regional Head, Mr Rodney Isaacs, thanked them for supporting

Bafana Bafana. “Wear your Bafana Bafana jerseys and support the national team. We should make the Football Friday campaign an everyday campaign until the world cup,” he said. At the Galeshewe stadium, President Jacob Zuma said “It is heartening to see how the entire nation is united in support of our national team. This harmony should define us and resonate in a wide range of spheres even outside sports.” The President said Kimberley occupies a special place in the history and heritage of the country. “This is the place where the world descended in the 19th century on what was popularly known as the big diamond rush. It is the place which heralded massive change in the economic landscape of our country and it has all kinds of relics to bear witness to this,” he said.

23

Polokwane Regional Office sings and dances for Bafana Bafana By Neliswa Demana Mr Kgosiemang said Polokwane as a province was also ready for the World Cup.  “We have the proper resources to make sure that the designated courts function effectively.  We have a budget available for the people who will be working overtime. We as Polokwane are now only waiting for the visitors to arrive. Polokwane Ke Nako, it is here,” he concluded. Officials from the court showcased their soccer skills. They also danced the diski-dance.

T

he 2010 FIFA World Cup fever was in the Polokwane Regional Office on 30 April.  Officials from the office, wore their soccer jerseys, blew vuvuzelas, sang the national anthem and danced the diski-dance. The officials were taking part in the Football Friday campaign. Welcoming the officials on behalf of management, Legal Services Deputy Director, Motsei Kgosiemang said “Let us celebrate this short event. We are here to showcase our readiness for the World Cup. Let us responsibly enjoy ourselves,” he said. Mr Kgosiemang explained that the Department of Justice and Constitutional Development was ready for the World Cup. “The department will play an important role during the event.  We must make sure that justice is served. All the criminal activities must be attended to in our courts,” he said.

Speaking to the officials, Internal Communications Deputy Director, Mr Lazarus Mothupi, from the National Office, urged them to support Bafana Bafana. “Let us teach ourselves to be patriotic. During the World Cup, we must all be wearing our national team’s colours. Let us stop supporting other countries while we, here in South Africa, have a team,” he pleaded. Mr Mothupi reminded the officials about the procedure to follow when wanting to attend a game during working hours. “When you want to attend a game at the stadium, then bring your tickets to work and show them to your supervisors. Ask for leave in advance so that the supervisors can coordinate the workflow of the office.  Do not come today and expect to be given leave for the following day,” he said.

PE Magistrate’s Court officials dance and sing for Bafana Bafana Western Cape By Neliswa Demana High Court and The Justice and Constitutional Development Department and other stakeholders have an Port Elizabeth important role to play in ensuring that those in Master’s Office conflict with the law, during the World Cup, face justice. “You must never undermine the role of feel it

O

fficials from the Port Elizabeth (PE) Magistrate’s Court showed their support and patriotism for Bafana Bafana by participating in the Football Friday campaign on 16 April.  Officials from the court sang the national anthem and blew vuvuzelas. A more formal event was held at the conference centre of the court. In attendance were officials from the National Office, the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA), PE Municipality, Department of Correctional Services and the South African Police Service (SAPS). Programme Support and Administration Chief Director Mosalanyane Mosala, from National Office, said South Africa was very lucky to be hosting the 2010 FIFA World Cup. “We are very fortunate to be hosting this World Cup. There are big countries who have never hosted such an event. We have done a good job in making sure that we host a successful World Cup,” he said.   Mr Mosala encouraged all South Africans to participate in the World Cup.  “Let us all participate and create a legacy for our children,” he said.

24

our department in the World Cup.  There will be those in conflict with the law, such people must be prosecuted in our courts. We are ready to take them through our justice system,” Mr Mosala said.   Prosecutor Jason Thysse from the NPA urged officials to stand together in hosting the World Cup. “The World Cup will only be successful if we all stand together and support each other.  We must, however, not only unite for the World Cup, but also in fighting crime,” he said.   Cautioning officials about the negative effects of human trafficking, Mr Thysse said “Human trafficking is a major concern for the World Cup. We as the NPA are continuously raising awareness about this problem.” He said the NPA was committed in helping South Africa to host a successful and safe World Cup. “We have prosecutors who have availed themselves to work in shifts during the World Cup. The courts will be running smoothly. We plan to do our level best in serving justice,” he said.   Brigadier B B Ngxabela from the SAPS assured all the delegates that they will be safe during the World Cup. “We, as the police force, will make it a successful event.  We have enough experiences and partnerships to make sure that the event becomes a success. We are going to have maximum personnel in critical areas,” he said.

C

ourts are often seen as places for prosecution; but with the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa this image is changing. Officials from the Western Cape High Court and the  Port Elizabeth Master’s Office showed their support for Bafana Bafana by wearing South African colours.   The officials chanted songs that supported the national team. They also blew vuvuzelas. The aim of the gathering was not only to show patriotism toward Bafana Bafana but to also show the public that courts are friendly places.

TAKING BACK THE PROCEEDS OF CRIME By Evans Molepo

T

he Asset Recovery Inter-Agency Network of Southern Africa (ARINSA) held their first annual general meeting in Pretoria on 26 July 2010. The meeting was intended to establish ways of strengthening the coordination of resources and expertise between member states. The meeting also wanted to review Nigeria’s application to join the Network as an observer as well as Malawi’s application to join the Network. ARINSA is a network of contacts comprised mainly of prosecutors and investigators dedicated to enhance cooperation in tackling the proceeds of crimes within Southern Africa. This network has nine member states which are; Botswana, Lesotho, Mauritius, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It is supported by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and is modelled on the European Union based Camden Asset Recovery Inter-Agency Network to which it is associated. In his welcoming speech the Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development, Mr Jeff Radebe, highlighted the importance of fighting crime through asset forfeiture and indicated that countries have realised that they will never deal with crime effectively unless greater focus is put on retrieving the proceeds of crime. The Minister encouraged the Network to effectively utilise this potent tool to fight the scourge of crime and the benefits from those crimes. “While asset forfeiture is still a relatively new concept and creates exciting opportunities to deal more effectively with crime, it also comes with many challenges that arise from new legislation and the use of sophisticated civil litigation concepts to fight crime” said the Minister. The mission of asset forfeiture is to ensure that profit is taken out of crime and the advantage is that the property seized from criminals can then be used to fight crime. The Minister also noted the significance of working together with member states and other organisations that have the same mandate such as European

based Camden Asset Recovery Inter-Agency Network CARIN. This is because, as the Minister emphasised, “the speed and efficiency with which banking and other property services operate in today’s world means that it is possible for stolen assets to be moved to a neighbouring country, an offshore banking centre, or any country perceived to be a safe haven, within days or sometimes within minutes of being stolen. Where the proceeds of crime are processed in this way, our investigators and prosecutors cannot fulfil their mandate without the help of our neighbours.” The expansion of the Network was also commended by the Minister as this will increase the reach through which crime is fought. An expanded Network in Africa is important as “challenges for governments in this region is to ensure that scarce public resources are applied for public benefit and not diverted by corrupt elements into private hands and that corruption in the public or private sphere does not undermine economic growth.” In support of this initiative the Minister assured those present of the South African Government’s commitment to support and create a platform that enhances the fight against crime. To show this support, the Minister announced that the Asset Forfeiture Unit, which is celebrating its 10th anniversary, annually hosts “prosecutors from the SADC region and provide an introduction to the South African asset forfeiture regime and an opportunity to work on live asset forfeiture matters in each office.” “Indeed together we can do more to make Southern Africa a very unattractive place for criminals to set up their infrastructure to commit crime and to enjoy the proceeds of such criminal activities. More than spending time behind bars, criminals must know that there is an added disincentive of losing their assets”, the Minister said when encouraging the delegates to continue the fight against crime.

25

INTENSE REFLECTION OF LABOUR RIGHTS ON WORKERS DAY By Justice Ditshego

E

very year South Africans celebrate Workers Day by reflecting on their positive and negative experiences. The celebrations are characterised by debates around workers’ rights and pieces of legislation to protect those rights. On 1 of May 1886 American workers marched in support of an eight hour day. This brought an international tradition of observing a workers’ holiday which continued to this day. In South Africa, the biggest ever rallies were in 1986. Since then, the day has been widely embraced and accepted in the calendar of South Africa as a holiday in respect of the struggle for workers rights. In September 1987, the apartheid government proposed amendments to the then Labour Relations Act (LRA) at the request of employers. The amendments sought to weaken and undermine the gains made by workers. Millions of workers stayed away from work in 1988 to press for the reversal of the changes despite the threat of dismissals by employers. The old regime agreed to the proposed changes in 1990. More workers’ rights were secured in both the Constitution and the LRA. The struggle for the new LRA saw former President Nelson Mandela joining thousands of workers in Johannesburg to demand their rights. The day is also often used to educate workers, especially in remote areas, about their rights. This public education activity seeks to quell the exploitation of workers in their various occupations and encourage them to exercise their rights. Section

26

22 of the Bill of Rights speaks about workers’ rights to freedom of trade, occupation and profession. Every citizen has the right to choose their trade, occupation or profession. This right protects activities by means of which livelihood is pursued. Its aim is to enable individuals to live profitable, dignified and fulfilling lives. In section 23, the Bill of Rights promotes labour relations between the employer and employee. This section promotes the right to fair labour practices. The Labor Relations Act 66 of 1995 is the most important law regulating employment relationships. Another important law is the Basic Conditions of Employment Act 75 of 1995 which regulates employment conditions. It deals with conditions such as leave, working hours, salary deductions, overtime work and termination of employment. Workers have the right to form and join a trade union and participate in its programmes and activities such as strike. However, members who are responsible for the delivery of ‘essential services’, such as the police, are not allowed to participate in strikes. These groups include members of the South African Police Service (SAPS). Employers also have the right to form and join an employers’ organisation and participate in its activities. Therefore workers’ unions and employers’ organizations can negotiate collectively. Labour related matters are heard by the Labour Courts which are on the same level as the High Court. However, the Superior Courts Bill of 2003 makes provision for the merging of existing

Labour Court and Labour Appeal Court with the new High Court of South Africa and Supreme Court of Appeal, respectively. The Bill states that the jurisdiction in labour matters is bestowed on the High Court of South Africa whilst the Supreme Court of Appeal will attend to labour appeals. Although good working relationship between employers and their employees are promoted and maintained by the Labour Relations Act, labour related disputes which cannot be resolved within the working place must be heard at the labour courts. The purpose of the Act is to change the previous labour relations laws and to give effect to section 27 of the Constitution. The Act further regulates the organisational rights of trade unions. It applies to all employers, workers, trade unions and employers’ organisations. Members of the South African National Defence Force, National Intelligence Agency and South African Secret Service are not affected by this Act.

The Department of Justice and Constitutional Development developed an Employee Relations Policy. Its purpose is to promote sound employee relations by dealing with labour matters in a fair and equitable manner. The policy subscribes to the principles of equality, human dignity and freedom of association as enshrined in the Constitution and the Labour Relations Act. It affects all employees in the department who are appointed in terms of the Public Service Act of 1994 and fall under the scope of General Public Service Sector Bargaining Council (GPSSBC). Senior managers who fall under the scope of Senior Management Handbook are also affected.

• To promote employee participation in decision-making through the establishment of workplace forums;

• To provide simple procedures for the resolution statutory

of

labour

conciliation,

disputes

through

mediation

and

arbitration (the purpose for which the

Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration was established);

• To establish the Labour Court and Labour

Appeal Court as superior courts, with exclusive jurisdiction to decide matters arising from the Act;

• To

provide

a

simple

procedure

for

registration of trade unions and employer’s

organisations, and to provide for their regulation;

• To give effect to international law obligations of the Republic relating to labour relations;

• To amend and repeal certain laws relating to labour relations;

• To provide for incidental matters

Issues of disciplinary processes, pre-dismissal arbitration, grievances, abscondments, dispute resolution, industrial action, collective bargaining are addressed by the policy. The department continues to work collectively with workers movements to ensure that workers’ rights are protected.

Regulations of the Labour Relations Act are: • To amend and repeal certain laws relating to labour relations;

• To regulate the organisational rights of trade unions;

• To promote and facilitate collective bargaining at the workplace and at sectoral level;

• To regulate the right to strike and the recourse to lockout conformity with the Constitution;

27

DEPUTY MINISTERS VISIT MORETELE MAGISTRATE’S COURT By Neliswa Demana

S

ome women in South Africa find themselves in courts applying for maintenance. This is because some fathers run away from the responsibility of supporting their own children. The courts are often the last resort for these desperate women who are burdened with raising children on their own. The Deputy Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development (DOJ&CD), Andries Nel accompanied by the Deputy Minister of Economic Development, Gwen Mahlangu-Nkabinde visited the Moretele Magistrate’s Court in Temba on 2 August 2010. The visit, was to give them an opportunity to experience justice services, in particular maintenance, from the court. The Deputy Ministers arrived at the court and engaged the community about the problems that brought them to court.

Deputy Minister Andries Nel, Deputy Minister Gwen MahlanguNkabinde with the North West Regional Head Tsietsi Malema.

Deputy Minister Andries Nel said the visit to the court was even more significant because of the start of women’s month. “Maintenance plays a huge role in the lives of many women. We, as the department, are committed in ensuring access to justice for all. This includes ensuring that maintenance is accessible to all. We are here today to personally experience the challenges faced by people when visiting our courts. We are here to acknowledge their problems and assure them that we will do all we can to assist them,” he said. Deputy Minister Nel said he will personally monitor the visited court. He said he would monitor that the court functions better as this will subsequently ensure effective and efficient justice services to all. He urged staff members at the court to strive for better services. “I know that there are problems but please persevere. I believe that working together, we can do more. This should not just be a government slogan, but a call to action.” Deputy Minister Mahlangu-Nkabinde said her office had received a number of complaints about the poor maintenance services at the court. “In investigating the problems, I realised that they needed the intervention of the Department of Justice and Constitutional Development. This is why we are here today.” She thanked the DOJ&CD for visiting the court. “I am happy that we are here today in this area where unemployment and poverty are rife. It is not right for maintenance recipients to suffer when they have to get their monies. I believe proper steps will be put in place to make all of us happy.” She urged officials to treat people with respect. “Let us give our people what they deserve. Let us think of the little children who need the money. The people who work in our courts must understand that they are here to serve people who already have problems. They should not worsen the problems but should rather come up with solutions,” she said. The Moretele Court has over the past few years experienced problems. These range from case and maintenance payout backlogs, computers,

Deputy Minister Gwen Mahlangu-Nkabinde and Deputy Minister Andries Nel walking in on an un-announced visit at the Moretele Magristrate’s Court

28

Deputy Minister Andries Nel and North West Regional Head Tsietsi Malema engaging with the Temba community. cars and money being stolen from the court. The backlogs were mostly attributed to the theft of computers from the courts. North West Regional Head, Tsietsi Malema assured the Deputy Ministers that the maintenance backlog would be cleared by the end of August. “We will clear the backlog by the end of this month. If it means that we should have more officials then we will do so. There is commitment from our side, we will put interventions that motivate staff to work effectively,” he said. The Regional Head explained that his office had ordered computers for the court. “We have ordered computers for our courts in the province. This court will be the first one to receive the computers once they are available.” Speaking against the fraud and corruption that has happened in the court, the Regional Head said “We will not tolerate corruption. The people who steal from our courts will be prosecuted.” Mr Malema also committed to raise awareness about the rights people have when coming to court. “We must mobilise the community to assist us in fighting fraud and corruption,” he said. Cash hall supervisor Dikgala Makakasa said the court has a strategy in place that will ensure that the backlog is cleared soon. “Once our backlog is cleared, then I am sure that we will be able to effectively deliver. There is an improvement in our system,” she said. Ms Makakasa said one of the mechanism put in place to ensure that the backlog is cleared was the utilisation of court preparation clerks in the cash hall. “We are using court preparation clerks to capture information in the cash hall so that we clear our backlog. We will clear the backlog by the end of August.” Acting Deputy Director-General for Court Services Advocate Pieter Du Rand advised the court management to ask for assistance from other courts that do not have backlogs. “Please ask for officials from other courts to assist in clearing the backlog. My office will be delivering three computers before the end of this week. You will also be getting new computers in six weeks.”

Puzzle 9

Justice Today

Crossword

PUZZLE

The Justice Today Crossword Puzzle has clues whose solutions can be found by carefully reading all the articles in this issue. Fill in the answers correctly and stand a chance to win. The solutions to this puzzle will be published in the next issue, along with the winners’ names.

Across 1. The....college provides training in legislative drafting to officials working with legislation in various government departments. 3. In his Budget Vote, the Deputy Minister, Mr Andries Nel, indicated that one of the department’s objectives is to ensure that there is at least one functioning and active Small Claims Court in the 384 ........ districts of the country. 4. The ........Act mandates the Family Advocate Office to perform various functions even in cases where there is no divorce action pending. 7. The ..... charter was instrumental in the development of our countries Constitution. 9. A court that was visited by the Deputyb Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development and the Deputy Minister of Economic Development. 10. Justice and Constitutional Development Minister Jeff Radebe said government views human ..... in a very serious light. 12. A clinic that writes reports for courts to determine whether an abused child is fit to testify. 13. The body responsible for the protection of all variations of the South African 2010 logo. 14. Two .... women were arrested on 16 June for an alleged ambush marketing activity.

Down 1. The official newsletter for the Department of Justice and Constitutional Development. 2. A programme that ensures that South Africa fully complies with the Palermo protocol. 5. The ..... Relations Act is the most important law in regulating employment relationships. 6. The kind of illegal marketing that occurs when a supplier uses an event as a platform to promote his/her brand without making the financial investment undertaken by the official sponsors. 8. The 2010 FIFA World Cup ...... courts ensured swift justice services during the soccer tournament. 11. An acronym for a network of contacts comprised mainly of prosecutors and investigators dedicated to improving cooperation in all aspects of tackloing the proceeds of crimes with Southern Africa.

NAME............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. POSTAL ADDRESS ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................TELEPHONE: ............................................................................................

SOLUTION : Puzzle 8

Across 1.

3.

6. 7. 9.

10.

CHILDJUSTICE—An Act that provides for the establishment of a separate criminal justice system for children in conflict with the law. STEYN—LLM graduate Mr Theo ....... is one of the winner for the 2009 Ismail Mahomed prize for best law reform essay competition HAGUE—The ...... Conference on Private International Law harmonises private international law rules. TOBACCO—The .... Products Act prohibits smoking in public places. SOMYALO—The surname of the retired Eastern Cape Judge who was hailed for his contribution to the country’s judiciary. TERRORISM—A type of a cyber crime that occurs when a person steals elecronic data and shuts down computers.

4. 5. 8.

HOW TO ENTER Complete the Crossword Puzzle after you have throughly read this issue of Justice Today. Fill in your details on the entry form and fax to 012 357 8003, attention Ms Neliswa Demana. The first 3 correct entries will WIN a prize.

WINNERS

PREVIOUS WINNERS

Down 2.

WIN

1. Tamara Nodada from Eastern THUTHUZELA—Care Centres established as a critical part of the country’s anti-rape strategy. NGCOBO—South Africa’s Chief Justice. Justice Sandile ...... JUDICIAL—In terms of Section 165(1) of the Constitution the ..... authority of the Republic is vested in the courts CYBER—The ..... crime policy that aims to bridge the technological and legal divide

Cape 2. Alfred Madodana Dyantyi, from Port Elizabeth 3. Jalamba Tolashe, from

Queenstown

29

HAVE YOUR SAY ABOUT THE 2010 FIFA WORLD CUP

The World Cup has come and gone. It proved to the world that South Africa is capable of hosting big international events. We asked officials from the North West Regional Office about their views on Africa hosting the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

Regional Office officials: Ms Bandile Leburu Secretary to North West Regional Head The

World

Cup

Mr Takalani Ramasala Legal Assistant – Legal Services has

presented South Africa with a chance to show the world that Africa has the ability to

host world class events and

be successful in doing so. The event in return will have

positive economic spinoffs for the country.

Ms Dineo Rammekwa Intern- Legal Services

The

2010

FIFA

World

Cup in South Africa made

history. The poor now have something to put on the

table. They have benefited

from jobs created by the event.

The

tournament

also boosted the country’s economy.

Mr Michael Dithupa Deputy Director – Facilities and Provisioning

It was good to host the 2010

FIFA World Cup. We are so united as South Africans. It is good to see people of different and

ages

watching

analyzing

soccer

together. The World Cup

has changed the behaviour of our people;  before you

would only find males discussing soccer but now the situation is different. Women are now also showing interest in the beautiful

game. I hope we will take the world cup spirit beyond 2010. The culture of soccer definitively will change beyond 2010.

30

For our beautiful country it was history in the making starting from the construction of World Cup stadiums, road constructions which created a lot of job opportunities for our fellow country men and women. This has reduced the unemployment rate. It also played a pivotal role in generating capital towards our economy and small businesses particularly in the hosting cities. One would also applaud our security fraternity in ensuring safety to all during the tournament. I am also happy that community members were sensitized on Human Trafficking before the official kickoff. We have witnessed the legacy projects that the World Cup has brought into our country. The challenge now will be how we maintain our African style of doing things. I will never forget the feeling at Loftus Stadium between Ghana (The Black Stars of Africa) and Serbia.

Mr Thapelo Philip Thebe Deputy Director: Human Resources

The World Cup on African soil is an experience we will always remember. It will leave behind a legacy. The public viewing areas used to watch the various matches were spectacular. They gave us time to network and socialize all in the name of soccer. The renovations and revamping of stadia also created employment opportunities which secured incomes. The tournament also played a huge role in developing and growing the economy.

Mr Collen Maragele Admin Officer – Facility and Provisioning Unit

The World Cup has played a very important part in the history of South Africa since this country experienced tribulations during the apartheid era. We are so proud of our country for hosting the World Cup. It is good for foreigners to witness that Africa is not poor as they thought it was. We are expecting more investment from world business entrepreneurs. We hope this will play a role when South Africa bids for hosting the Olympic Games. We have proved that we are capable of hosting big events.

The World Cup has come and gone. It proved to the world that South Africa is capable of hosting big international events. In this issue of Justice Today we asked members of the public about their views on South Africa hosting the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

Members of the public Aphindile Mjuleka

I am so happy and proud of South Africa

The

hosting the 2010 FIFA

opportunities for our

for

successfully

World Cup. The event showed us that we

can be united. It also showed us that we are capable of hosting

big international events. I also think that the event has marketed our country well. We should start having more international tourist because they now know that we are capable of properly hosting them.

Mpho Masilo

Thami Gumede World

Cup

brought a lot of job

parents. I am happy

because poor people got jobs and provided food for their families. The

were

World

stadiums built

for

Cup

that the

are

beautiful and the good thing is that they are here to stay.

We, as South Africans, should use the stadiums properly. We should not burn them because maybe in the future we will again host the World Cup.

The one good thing about the

World Cup was the security at our stadiums. South Africa is known for the high rate of crime but crime during the World Cup was very minimal. This shows

that our police are capable of protecting us. They should just continue working like they did during the World Cup.

Eric Chiloane

The World Cup brought us an experience that we will most probably never have again. It was so nice to see all

South

supporting

Africans Bafana

Bafana. The vuvuzelas

Thabiso Ratsela

we blew and the diskiThere were fears of human trafficking before the World Cup. I am so glad that I was not trafficked into another country. My whole family is also safe. I think the police did a good job in protecting us. They must now continue with the good job that they did.

dance

that

we

did

showed the world that we are truly a rainbow nation. It is so sad that a few days after the World Cup, one hears of xenophobic attacks. I think we should all go back to the spirit of ubuntu that we had during the World Cup. I think South Africa should now host the Olympics.

31

Justice Today Official newsletter of the Department of Justice & Constitutional Development

Issue 3/2010

The Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development, Mr Jeff Thamsanqa Radebe, MP Pretoria: Cape Town:

Private Bag X276, PRETORIA, 0001 • Momentum Building, 329 Pretorius Street, PRETORIA Tel: (012) 357 8212 / 315 1760 - 63, Fax: (012) 315 1749 Private Bag X256, CAPE TOWN, 8000 • 5th Floor, Room 510, 120 Plein Street, CAPE TOWN Tel: (021) 467 1700, Fax: (021) 467 1730

The Deputy Minister for Justice and Constitutional Development, Mr Andries Carl Nel, MP Pretoria: Cape Town:

Private Bag X395, PRETORIA, 0001 • Momentum Building, 329 Pretorius Street, PRETORIA Tel: (012) 315 1021/2/1777, Fax: (012) 322 2908 Private Bag X 9135, CAPE TOWN, 8000 • 5th Floor, Room 531, 120 Plein Street, CAPE TOWN Tel: (021) 467 1750, Fax: (021) 467 1732

The Department of Justice and Constitutional Development Director-General: Ms Nonkululeko Msomi Private Bag X81, Pretoria, 0001 • 329 Pretorius Street, Momentum Building, Pretoria, 0001

Regional Office

Tel no

Free State

051 - 407 1800

Fax no 051 - 448 4458

Physical Address 53 Maitland Street, Bloemfontein, 9301

KwaZulu-Natal 031 - 301 5330 031 - 304 9213

2 Devonshire Place, Smith Street, Durban, 4001

Limpopo

015 - 297 5577

015 - 297 5570

92 Bok Street, Polokwane, 0700

Mpumalanga

013 - 752 8393

013 - 752 2666

24 Brown Street, Nelspruit, 1200

Northern Cape 053 - 839 0000 053 - 832 6815

Cnr Stead & Knight Streets, New Public Building, Kimberley, 8301

Western Cape 021 - 462 5471 / 5479 021 - 462 3135

Plein Park Building, Plein Street, Cape Town, 8001

Eastern Cape 043 - 702 7002 043 - 722 5525

No 3 Phillip Frame Road, Weaverly Park, Chiselhurst, East London, 5201

North West 018 - 387 5290 018 - 384 3406

Tirelo Building, Dr Albert Luthuli Drive, Mmabatho, 2735

Gauteng 011 - 331 0440 011 - 331 0425

15th & 16th Floor, Carlton Centre, Commissioner Street, Johannesburg, 2001

For any enquiries or contributions, please contact: Ms Neliswa Demana, Tel: 012 357 8609 Email: [email protected]

32

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Justice Today Official newsletter of the Department of Justice & Constitutional Development Issue 3/2010 Courts Delivers Swift Justice Parents Urged...

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